How do we keep all of our HTML in the right places? By making sure we build the structure correctly from the very first line. Let's construct an entire HTML document to practice putting the necessary elements where they belong.
doctypetag at the top of an HTML file
titletags to give the page a title that will show up in the browser tab
Every HTML document requires a few specific tags that enable your browser to correctly interpret and display the content. A good way to think about this is that we need to build a solid structure for the content we want to put in our page, and each tag has a function in building that structure. If we forget a tag, our structure will weaken and the browser might not be able to display our page at all. So it's important we put every piece in its place at the beginning.
To get started, open
index.html in your text editor.
The first step is always to add a
doctype declaration at the top of the file indicating to the browser how the HTML should be handled, and, in particular, what mode of HTML the page should be in. In modern web development, we can simply put
html within the
Task #1 Put the
doctype declaration at the top of your
Secondly, we need to define where the HTML content is on the page by creating
opening and closing
html tags to enclose all of your page's HTML content.
Task #2 Create opening and closing
html tags underneath your
html tags, there are two main sections that are required:
head section generally contains data intended for the web browser,
including information about the page that is useful to search engines. It also
title, which will show up at the top of a browser window,
typically in the tab. As the web developer, you get to decide what the title will be—whatever text you type in between the
title tags will show up as the page title.
body section contains all the content our users will see and interact with on the page.
Task #3 Add opening and closing
body tags inside of the outer
You can run the tests for this lab via
learn. Make sure you save the file before running this command. Failing tests will provide helpful error messages that you can use to debug your code — read them closely for hints!
While working through these assignments, your general workflow should center on
writing code in the text editor and periodically running
learn in the
terminal to check your work.
Another great way to track your progress is to open up the HTML document in your browser and watch how each change you make in the text editor affects the visual layout in the browser. For reference, here's a guide to viewing HTML pages in the Learn IDE.
Once you have the HTML document open in your browser, you can make changes to it in the text editor, save the file, refresh the page in the browser, and see the changes instantly.
We've figured out how to construct a solid structure for the HTML document. Now, as you pick up new HTML tags, you'll be able to add more elements to build out the rest of the page.