Sql Databases And Text Editors Readme

Objectives

  • Write SQL code in your text editor instead of your command line.
  • Learn how to execute SQL code you've written in your text editor against a database you've created.

Writing SQL in a Text Editor

Up until now, we've been executing our SQL commands directly in the terminal. It is likely, however, that you will find yourself writing SQL in a file and executing that file in the context of your database. The more complex our databases become, the more tables we add and the more advanced the queries we run against them, the harder it will become to keep track of it all in the sqlite3 prompt in our terminal.

SQL is a programming language like any other, so we can write SQL in our text editor and execute it. This allows us to keep better track of our SQL code, including the SQL statements that create tables and query data from those tables.

To write SQL in our text editor and execute that SQL against a specific database, we'll create files in our text editor that have the .sql extension. These files will contain valid SQL code. Then, we can execute these files against our database in the command line. We'll take a look at this process together in the following code along.

Code Along

Creating a Database and Table

1 . In the terminal, create a database with the following command:

sqlite3 pets_database.db

Once you create your database, exit the sqlite prompt with the .quit command.

Open up a text editor (such as Learn IDE) and create and save a file 01_create_cats_table.sql. In this file, write your create statement:

CREATE TABLE cats (
  id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,
    name TEXT,
    age INTEGER
);

2 . Execute that file in the command line. Before running the below command, make sure that you've exited the SQLite prompt that you were in earlier when you created the database.

sqlite3 pets_database.db < 01_create_cats_table.sql

Note: If running the above command gives you an error that the Cats table already exists, that means you created a table with that name in a previous exercise. You can enter into your Pets Database with the sqlite3 pets_database.db command and then remove your old table in the SQLite prompt with:

sqlite3> DROP TABLE cats;

Confirming Our SQL Execution

Let's confirm that the above execution of the SQL commands in our .sql file worked. To do so:

  1. In your terminal, enter into your Pets Database with the sqlite3 pets_database.db command.
  2. Then run the .schema command. You should see the following schema printed out, confirming that we did, in fact, create our Cats table successfully.
CREATE TABLE cats (
  id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,
    name TEXT,
    age INTEGER
);

Remember to exit out of the sqlite3 prompt with .quit.

Operating on our Database from the Text Editor

To carry out any subsequent actions on this database––adding a column to the cats table, dropping that table, creating a new table––we can create new .sql files in the text editor and execute them in the same way as above. Let's give it a shot.

  1. To add a column to our cats table:

Create a file named 02_add_column_to_cats.sql and fill it out with:

  ALTER TABLE cats ADD COLUMN breed TEXT;

Then, execute the file in your command line: sqlite3 pets_database.db < 02_add_column_to_cats.sql.

  1. Confirm that your execution of the .sql file worked by entering into your database in the terminal with the sqlite3 pets_database.db command. Once there, execute the .schema command and you should see that the schema of the Cats table does include the breed column.

View this lesson on Learn.co

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