Regex Match Scan Grep Methods Readme

Objectives

  • Use the match method
  • Use capture groups
  • Use the scan method
  • Understand the diff between match and scan

Ruby Methods with Regex

You've learned the basics of writing Regular Expressions in Ruby. In this lesson we'll learn how to use regular expressions with the match and scan ruby methods. We'll also learn to use capture groups.

Scan

The scan method returns an array of all items in your string that match a given Regular Expression. For example:

"The rain in Spain lies mainly in the plain".scan(/\w+ain/)
=> ["rain", "Spain", "main", "plain"]

Match

The match method returns the first item in your string that matches a given Regular Expression as a MatchData object. For example:

"The rain in Spain lies mainly in the plain".match(/\w+ain/)
=> #<MatchData "rain"> 

"The rain in Spain lies mainly in the plain".match(/France/)
=> nil

More often than not, we use the result of the match method as a boolean, indicating the existence of the pattern in the given string.

Grep

Grep is an enumerable method for pattern searching in arrays and hashes. Similar to scan, grep will return an array of matching items from an array.

names = ["Jeri Faria", "Althea Voth", "Audry Donoho", "Scotty Chaves", "Lance Barrio", "Zachary Newhall", "Stefany Janey", "Tressie Kinsel", "Raven Grimsley", "Marketta Gaylor", "Leota Crowe", "Mazie Norman", "Damien Loffredo"]

#Get items from array where first name has five letters:
names.grep(/^\w{5}\s/)

=> ["Audry Donoho", "Lance Barrio", "Raven Grimsley", "Leota Crowe", "Mazie Norman"]

Capture Groups

Using parentheses in our regex allows us to create 'groups' that we can refer to in our scan/match/grep methods as indexes in an array. In the example below we create three capture groups for the three sets of digits in a phone number. Now, when we scan a list of numbers, each phone number is broken down into subgroups based on the capture groups we built in our regular expressions:

numbers = "202-555-0192 202-555-0147 202-555-0131 202-555-0116 202-555-0192 202-555-0197"

number_breakdown = numbers.scan(/(\d+)-(\d+)-(\d+)/)
=> [["202", "555", "0192"], ["202", "555", "0147"], ["202", "555", "0131"], ["202", "555", "0116"], ["202", "555", "0192"], ["202", "555", "0197"]] 

number_breakdown[0]
=> ["202", "555", "0192"]

number_breakdown[0][1]
=> "555"

View Ruby Methods with Regex on Learn.co and start learning to code for free.

View Ruby Methods with Regex on Learn.co and start learning to code for free.

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